This is on my fall reading list.





"Though the colored man is no longer subject to barter and sale, he is surrounded by an adverse settlement which fetters all his movements. In his downward course he meets with no resistance, but his course upward is resented and resisted at every step of his progress. If he comes in ignorance, in rags and wretchedness he conforms to the popular belief of his character, and in that character he is welcome; but if he shall come as a gentleman, a scholar and a statesman, he is hailed as a contradiction to the national faith concerning his race, and his coming is resented as impudence. In one case he may provoke contempt and derision, but in the other he is an affront to pride and provokes malice."
Frederick Douglass, September 25, 1883
Photo: Frederick Douglass, ca. 1850-1860, photographer unknown (Library of Congress)

"Though the colored man is no longer subject to barter and sale, he is surrounded by an adverse settlement which fetters all his movements. In his downward course he meets with no resistance, but his course upward is resented and resisted at every step of his progress. If he comes in ignorance, in rags and wretchedness he conforms to the popular belief of his character, and in that character he is welcome; but if he shall come as a gentleman, a scholar and a statesman, he is hailed as a contradiction to the national faith concerning his race, and his coming is resented as impudence. In one case he may provoke contempt and derision, but in the other he is an affront to pride and provokes malice."

Frederick Douglass, September 25, 1883

Photo: Frederick Douglass, ca. 1850-1860, photographer unknown (Library of Congress)

(Source: loc.gov)



pbsthisdayinhistory:

September 22, 1862: Abraham Lincoln Issues Emancipation Proclamation
On this day in 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. This declaration set a date for the freedom of more than three million black slaves in the United States.
The Emancipation Proclamation ordered the emancipation of all slaves residing in Confederate states that had not returned to Union control by January 1, 1963. It emphasized the mission of the Civil War as a fight against slavery.
The Emancipation Proclamation was signed and issued on January 1, 1863.
To read Lincoln’s legendary decree, visit Ken Burns’s The Civil War site.
Image: The first reading of the Emancipation Proclamation before the cabinet / painted by F.B. Carpenter ; engraved by A.H. Ritchie, circa 1866. (Library of Congress)

pbsthisdayinhistory:

September 22, 1862: Abraham Lincoln Issues Emancipation Proclamation

On this day in 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. This declaration set a date for the freedom of more than three million black slaves in the United States.

The Emancipation Proclamation ordered the emancipation of all slaves residing in Confederate states that had not returned to Union control by January 1, 1963. It emphasized the mission of the Civil War as a fight against slavery.

The Emancipation Proclamation was signed and issued on January 1, 1863.

To read Lincoln’s legendary decree, visit Ken Burns’s The Civil War site.

Image: The first reading of the Emancipation Proclamation before the cabinet / painted by F.B. Carpenter ; engraved by A.H. Ritchie, circa 1866. (Library of Congress)





Colonel Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. seated with pilots at briefing in Italy, March 1945. 
Toni Frissell, photographer
Library of Congress
Davis was the first black general officer in the U.S. Air Force (his father, Brigadier General Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. was the first black U.S. Army general). During World War II, Davis commanded the 99th and 332nd Fighter Group, which escorted bombers on combat missions in Europe. 

Colonel Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. seated with pilots at briefing in Italy, March 1945. 

Toni Frissell, photographer

Library of Congress

Davis was the first black general officer in the U.S. Air Force (his father, Brigadier General Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. was the first black U.S. Army general). During World War II, Davis commanded the 99th and 332nd Fighter Group, which escorted bombers on combat missions in Europe. 

(via heytoyourmamanem)



Twenty-year-old lathe operator Annie Tabor, making parts for airplane engines, October 1942
Ann Rosener, photographer
Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection (Library of Congress)

Twenty-year-old lathe operator Annie Tabor, making parts for airplane engines, October 1942

Ann Rosener, photographer

Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection (Library of Congress)

(Source: heytoyourmamanem)



As some of you might’ve guessed, I’ve been watching Ken Burns’ impressive new documentary series “The Roosevelts: An Intimate History” on PBS.

I’m still waiting for major documentaries about W.E.B. DuBois, Booker T. Washington, Mary McCleod Bethune, A. Philip Randolph, Walter White…



Woman photographed in her Southwest D.C. bedroom, November 1946
Gordon Parks, photographer
Library of Congress

Woman photographed in her Southwest D.C. bedroom, November 1946

Gordon Parks, photographer

Library of Congress



African Americans marching near the Capitol building in Washington, D.C., to protest the lynching of four African-Americans in Georgia, 1946
New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection (Library of Congress)

African Americans marching near the Capitol building in Washington, D.C., to protest the lynching of four African-Americans in Georgia, 1946

New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection (Library of Congress)



Girls knitting and making toy animals in the handicraft class of the St. Simon’s Youth Center of the National Youth Administration. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 1941 
Photographer unknown
Library of Congress

Girls knitting and making toy animals in the handicraft class of the St. Simon’s Youth Center of the National Youth Administration. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 1941 

Photographer unknown

Library of Congress





Great article about and photos by the great North Carolina-born photographer Hugh Mangum. If you’d like to see more, Duke University Libraries has hundreds of Mangum’s photographs online as part of their Digital Collections.



engineeringhistory:

Elijah McCoy’s patent for Improvement in Lubricators for Steam Engines, 1872. McCoy was a mechanical engineer who was born the son of former slaves in 1844. McCoy established his own engineering firm which was awarded 57 patents, the most successful being the 1872 engine lubricator.

engineeringhistory:

Elijah McCoy’s patent for Improvement in Lubricators for Steam Engines, 1872. McCoy was a mechanical engineer who was born the son of former slaves in 1844. McCoy established his own engineering firm which was awarded 57 patents, the most successful being the 1872 engine lubricator.



If you’re interested in tracing your family’s roots, these resources might help. If you’ve done research, have you found any other tools/tips that have been useful?